Pelvic congestion syndrome is a condition where the pelvic veins (the blood vessels that take the blood back to the heart) dilate due to venous dysfunction and hormonal influence. This leads to pelvic pain, which may be aggravated during periods, standing for a long time and coitus.
Pelvic congestion syndrome is difficult to diagnose and needs advanced imaging and diagnostic laparoscopy. It is initially managed by medications which may relieve pain. Laparoscopic ovarian vein ligation is an advanced laparoscopic procedure in which the ovarian vein is tied up thereby shutting off the damaged veins. There is a good symptomatic relief after this procedure and patients are discharged the next day.